Finally, the book of jonah vividly demonstrates that out of all gods vast and. The book of jonah is also the only one that isnt a compilation of prophecies condemning the wicked and rewarding the righteous. Since his spaceship crashed on earth, jonah has possessed human bodies during centuries and influenced the creation of the church of gibborim. Jonah was resurrected from the whale to pursue gods path that he had laid before him, which was to rebuke nineveh into repentance. Nineveh destroyed amazing bible timeline with world history. Each has a call from god and a response from jonah 1. This commentary on isaiah helps readers understand the books original setting and apply it to todays. Jonah is the only prophet in the old testament that god flat out told to preach to a gentile city and not just any gentiles but the people of nineveh the assyrians. God would erase their sins if they showed repentance, but jonah didnt believe they deserved to even get a chance to show it. The short, fastmoving story opens with god instructing jonah to go east from israel to assyria to cry out against wickedness in the city of nineveh. It is an important book to both religious traditions christianity and jewish because of its message of doom upon israels longtime enemy. Judah book of isaiah 722 assyria conquers northern kingdom of israel 2 ki. It is one of trei asar the twelve prophets in the tanakh, and in christian tradition as oi dodeka prophetai or ton dodekapropheton, greek for the twelve prophets. Interlinear bible bible commentaries bible lexicon topical bible bible summary bible outline bible timeline childrens bible bible hub homepage.
The author of the book is the prophet jonah who wrote his own autobiography. The book is named after its principal character, whose name means dove. The book of jonah is one of the key readings in judaism during yom kippur, the day of atonement, which occurs on the tenth day of tishri following rosh hashanah, generally in september or early october. Nahum has no reference to jonah, which is kind of strange if it was indeed written generations later. Introduction jonah is one of the most ridiculed books by liberal scholars. The book of jonah, on the other hand, is a biographical prose narrative focusing almost exclusively on the prophet himself. To conclude that someone else wrote the book is difficult since the information about jobs experience in the fishs stomach and in chapter 4 requires firsthand knowledge. Prepare your messages on gods word in jonah with sermon outlines or an entire sermon series. The magistrate, also known as jonah, is a gibborim who, along with his family, was exiled from his homeworld. Thats after the prophet elijah but before amos and hosea.
The heart of the assyrian empire was located around 500 miles. The book of jonah intro to jonah biblica the international bible. I was reading the book of nahum and it was speaking. Unlike most other prophetic parts of the ot, this book is a narrative account of a single prophetic mission. Jonah is identified as a prophet and servant of god during the reign of king jeroboam ii of israel 2 kings 14. The book of jonah recounts real events in the life and ministry of the prophet himself. Jonah was a picture of the death and resurrection of christ. The book is the best account in the old testament, perhaps in scripture, about how the will of god and the will of man interact. Intro to jonah biblica the international bible society. The story of a fish swallowing a man and the man living sounds impossible, and since most liberal scholars deny the possibility of the supernatural, they reject the book of jonah as anything but a fairy tale. It was likely written before the babylonians took over nineveh in 612 b. The book of jonah is about an event that jesus said took place in history.
The prophetic significance of this book not only lies in the short message in nineveh but also in the entire history of jonah described in his book. The book of jonah is a book of the neviim prophets in the hebrew bible. Sep 08, 2012 jonah was the son of amittai, and he is a prophet who lived in israel in the 8th century b. There are two questions related to the date of jonah. My main problem with this little book is how it ends. Jonah or jonas, in the hebrew bible tanakhold testament, is a prophet of the northern kingdom of israel in about the 8th century bce. While the timeline of these events and the ages of all those in the show are rather irrelevant to the overarching story, its difficult to look past knowing. The book of jonah is a subversive story about a rebellious prophet who. His book contains no direct to establish the time of his mission to nineveh. So far archaeology has disagreed with that assessment. Book of jonah overview insight for living ministries. Jonah shows a 78th century bc background though some argue the current form came much later, around the 4th century bc. The story of the prophet jonah is recorded in the book of jonah, which is part of the bible, and is read in the synagogue every year on the day of atonement.
But the book describes a great kindness rendered by god to people who were typically israels enemies. T he book of jonah is an old testament story which tells about how the prophet jonah refused to follow the lord. Summary of the book of jonah the story of the bible. It tells of a hebrew prophet named jonah son of amittai who is sent by god to. Many have debated about what happened to jonah, the prophet. Furthermore, jonah reveals in hunters season 1, episode 1, shortly after his grandmothers funeral, that his mother had bled out having him, thus suggesting that she passed away in childbirth, which makes her age even more concerning. Jonah was angry after god spared nineveh because he hated them. In the book of jonah it is clear that god reached his goal in ministering to the ninevehites, but what do you think happened to jonah. Jonah encounters pagans who are forced to consider the influence of his god 1. A threepart series examining the book of jonah, its genre, and implications for evangelical apologists who view the story as history. The book of jonah is the fifth book in the christian canons and the jewish tanakh. The book of jonah was likely written between 793 and 758 b.
Both prophets speak gods word regarding the city of nineveh. This was a time when assyria was not a threat to israel. Top 5 commentaries on the book of jonah ligonier ministries. Jonah is a mere fortyeight verses, but it is loaded with rich theological and linguistic content. See also jewish history which includes links to individual country histories. Nineveh, the arrogant capital of the assyrian empire, will be destroyed.
However, the gospels refer to it as a real story which is even described as essential to faith luke 11. God commanded him to go to assyrias capital, the city of nineveh to preach against its wickedness and convince the people to repent. At the end gods will was done by an unwilling prophet. Many have questioned whether the book of jonah is historical. The timeline begins with adam in eden, then on to noah and the flood and the birth of israel through abraham, isaac, and jacob. First, when did the events in the book of jonah take place, and second, when was the book of jonah written. Many critics however want to lower the book of jonah to an allegory, a parable or a legend because of the miracles described in it especially the appearing of the great fish devouring jonah. Aside from the criticism of jonah being miraculous, some of the more prominent criticisms launched at the jonah story included. Bible chronology timeline chronology of the old testament. The mystery of veggie island, veggie carnival and jonah. This timeline deals primarily with historical events related to christianity beginning in ad 0 a few events in the 60001bc tab.
Our sermon ideas on jonah will help you preach a powerful message on the difficult commission of god. So, to answer the question directly, no nahum is not the promised vengeance of god against nineveh promised by god in jonah. When the call of god came to him, jonah could not see beyond his own selfish desire for god to punish the assyrians. Jonah and the whale amazing bible timeline with world. The man jonah was the main character of the book, he was the son of amittai jonah 1. If all of their writings were combined into a single book, it would be. Jonah represents jesus as the resurrection and the life.
Unlike other old testament prophetic books, jonah is not a collection of the prophets oracles but primarily a narrative about the man. Nahums book is a sequel to, and a dramatic contrast with, the book of jonah. Although often classified with the prophets, the book of jonah is not a prophetic book. The book of jonah demonstrates the sovereignty of the almighty as he employs his creation to accomplish the divine plan. Jonahs mission to nineveh was probably sometime in the first half of the eighth century b. Nov 09, 2018 the bible says that jonah walked for 3 days just to get to the center of the city.
The predominantly narrative style of the book has more in common with the historical narratives about elijah and elisha than it does with the other prophetic books. Jonah with book summary versebyverse bible commentary. Timeline of the prophets bible commentary theology of work. Its treatment of that mission is thus similar to the accounts of the ministries of elijah and elisha found in 1,2 kings. Apr 12, 2016 watch our overview video on the book of jonah, which breaks down the literary design of the book and its flow of thought. It tells of a hebrew prophet named jonah son of amittai who is sent by god to prophesy the destruction of nineveh but tries to escape the divine mission. Nahum was written after the assyrians sacked the egyptian city of thebes, or noamon nah 3. It follows the book of obadiah, the shortest book in the ot, which is comprised of a diatribe against edom. The story, about a prophet named jonah, was written to criticize and rebuke the narrow spirit of nationalism that jonah observed among so many of the jewish people.
Jonah prophesied during the peaceful and prosperous time of jeroboam ii 2 kings 14. In a book with an evil king, pagan sailors and a giant, maneating fish, hes still, handsdown, the most unlikable character. Jonah is forced into a confrontation with god because of his attitudes 1. While jonah eventually did what he was asked to do, the book closes with showing jonah as a bitter man. Nov 21, 2012 historical background to jonah november 21, 2012 by jeremy myers 5 comments when studying scripture, it is critical to gain understanding of the historical background and cultural setting of the book or passage being studied. He whines and runs from god and then refuses to show the mercy to others that god had just shown him.
Belshazzar, a king of babylon named in the book of daniel, was considered a bible legend, but the nabonidus cylinder, discovered circa 1881, listed. Jonahs terrible, wonderful ending the christian chronicle. This city was used by assyrian kings as their primary location to rule their territories. This summary of the book of jonah provides information about the title, author s, date of writing, chronology, theme, theology, outline, a brief overview, and the chapters of the book of jonah. If it were, then god is not slow to anger, but abounding in compassion, as jonah himself points out in chapter 4, nor is the incomplete ending of jonah to any effect. The lord called jonah to go to the great assyrian city of nineveh to pronounce judgment on it. However, jonah does seem to contain a reference to nahum. Jonah and the whale amazing bible timeline with world history. This is a timeline of the development of prophecy among the jews in judaism. The first noticeable hebrew words used repeatedly in jonah are the divine names.
Typically, jonah is dated to the period of jeroboam, i. Biblical jonah visits nineveh the evil city ancient pages. Although the book is written in the third person, the traditional view is that jonah is the author of the book, and there is no persuasive reason to theorize about an unknown author. The book of the twelve prophets was originally on one. The book was composed, therefore, between 664 and 612 b. Their books are considered minor since each is much shorter than the writings of isaiah sixtysix chapters, jeremiah fiftytwo chapters, and ezekiel fortyeight chapters.
Click the link above the page that opens has a timeline at the top of the page. Book of jonah, the fifth of 12 old testament books that bear the names of the minor prophets, embraced in a single book, the twelve, in the jewish canon. He is the central figure of the book of jonah, in which he is called upon by god to travel to nineveh and warn its residents of impending divine wrath. To navigate the timeline, click and drag it with your mouse, or click on the timeline overview on the bottom. All dates are given according to the common era, not the hebrew calendar. Amazons hunters broken timeline has disturbing implications. Kitchen, a famous egyptologist wrote in the first chapter of his book, the bible in its world, of a great enemy archaeology cannot defeat. Jonah was the son of amittai, and he is a prophet who lived in israel in the 8th century b. It is an important book to both religious traditions christianity and jewish. The repetitive words are used by the author to suggest the themes of the narrative. Through some supernatural events, god convinced him to obey and carry out the lords plan. It was destroyed around 612 bc which is when this event appears on the old testament timeline.
The supposed legendary character of some of the events e. Jonah is the reluctant biblical prophet whose story appears in the book named for him. Preach on topics including obedience, running from the call of god, and gods propensity to forgive the unforgivable. Jonah is read every year by the jews on the day of atonement yom kippur. After jonah left, god made a plant that made jonah really happy but the plants death left jonah distraught. In that vein, it stands unique among the minor prophets. This book also shows gods foreign mission program was in existence centuries prior to the great commission of matt. The most difficult and troubling passages often open their meaning and significance in the most beautiful way when the. In the halfcentury during which the prophet jonah ministered 800750 b.
It might help to think of nahum as a followup to the book of jonah. When studying scripture, it is critical to gain understanding of the historical background and cultural setting of the book or passage being studied. The minor prophets, in alphabetical order, are amos, habakkuk, haggai, hosea, joel, jonah, malachi, micah, nahum, obadiah, zechariah, and zephaniah. The events of the book of jonah took place around or just after the reign of king jeroboam ii, who reigned from 786746 bc. Oct 20, 2012 nineveh was the ancient capital of the assyrian empire. Set in the reign of jeroboam ii 786746 bc, it was probably written in the postexilic period, some time between the late 5th to early 4th century bc. He is also the biological father of karolina dean and the former lover of leslie dean. One of the greatest prophets during the time of jeroboam ii was jonah the son of amitai, who, as a prophet disciple, had anointed jehu and who, therefore, enjoyed the kings benevolence. Caught in a storm, he orders the ships crew to cast him overboard. There is a book in the bible that bears his name and he also appears in 2 kings as a prophet from gathhepher. Jonah is a prophet during the reign of king jeroboam ii. For those who arent familiar with the story, jonah was an israelite who received a clear calling from god, to go into the land of nineveh and warn them of the judgment that would fall on them if they did not. During the reign of king jeroboam ii 793753 bc, a northern kingdom prophet named jonah was called by god to announce the lords judgment jonah 1. The book of jonah stands as an important link in the prophetic chain, giving readers a glimpse of christs death and resurrection hundreds of years before they actually occurred.1485 1487 1103 308 1577 356 1160 489 594 735 389 406 762 482 204 596 447 956 611 727 357 511 157 308 1224 1154 843 1126 249 1214 812 134 558 1372 672 1222 1359 1148 681 1052 842