Alternatively, this bone can be removed en bloc and later plated back. Medial maxillectomy anterior wall of maxillary sinus is removed with osteotome and rongeurs. Developing world ent is important as more than 50% of the worlds people live in the developing world. Medial maxillectomy is the procedure designed to en bloc resect the party wall between the nasal cavity, maxillary antrum, and adjacent ethoid labyrinth along with the tumor within the nose and sinus. Endoscopic modified medial maxillectomy for resection of an. Maxillectomy is potentially complicated by injuries to the orbital contents, lacrimal. This chapter will only deal with the open surgical medial maxillectomy technique. Recently, a new surgical approach named endoscopic modified medial maxillectomy emmm was proposed.
Jun 15, 2016 medial maxillectomy is performed for the removal of benign and malignant tumors that involve the lateral nasal wall medial maxilla and to gain access to tumors in the masticator space and infratemporal skull base floor of middle cranial fossa. With more familiarity and expertise in endoscopic sinus surgery the endonasal approach. Effect of incremental endoscopic maxillectomy on surgical exposure. It is a true medial maxillectomy, involving resection of the entire lateral nasal wall. Vasculature around the orbit the arterial blood supply to the maxilla and paranasal sinuses originates from both the external and internal carotid artery systems. Wada, kota ishigaki, takashi ida, yutaro yamada, yuki hosono, sachiko and edamatsu, hideo 2015. Patients may be on 4b or rarely the intensive care unit 5d. Medial maxillectomy definition of medial maxillectomy by. Sep 24, 2019 in 1977, sessions and larson coined the term medial maxillectomy to describe a partial maxillectomy indicated for benign and malignant lesions of the lateral nasal wall. Aug 02, 2014 maxillectomy partial maxillectomy hemi maxillectomy full maxillectomy maxillectomy is the removal of damaged parts in maxilla due to cancerous tissue being present and damaging the hard palate size spread 5 extended maxillectomy radical maxillectomy size spread 7. A maxillectomy is the partial removal of the upper jaw bone. It is a closed group, so no one can see our posts or discussions unless they become members. Multidisciplinary decisionmaking in the management of the maxillectomy defect.
Although initially described with a lipsplitting technique, many authors subsequently described modifications which obviated this extension. Picture of total maxillectomy otolaryngology houston. The upper lip is ideally split right in the midline. Combined transoral and endoscopic approach for total. For treatment of a sinonasal inverted papilloma ip, it is essential to have a definite diagnosis, to identify its origin by computed tomography ct and magnetic resonance imaging mri, and to select the appropriate surgical approach based on the staging system proposed by krouse.
Medial maxillectomy is now the gold standard for ip. It is increas ingly being done by transnasal endoscopic technique for suitable cases and when the required expertise and technology are available. Minimally invasive medial maxillectomy and the position of. Pdf a medial maxillectomy mm consists of a complete resection of the medial. Occasionally, the orbit is exenterated and its floor removed, thus resulting in one large cavity. Medial maxillectomy refers to surgical re section of the medial and superomedial walls of the maxillary antrum.
A maxillectomy defect creates a communication from oral cavity to nasal cavity that may extend to the orbit. Maxillectomy will nickson a personal account of having. A medial maxillectomy mm consists of a complete resection of the medial wall of the maxillary sinus. External medial maxillectomy operative techniques in. Oct 12, 2010 a medial maxillectomy mm consists of a complete resection of the medial wall of the maxillary sinus. For inverted papilloma involving the lateral nasal wall, endoscopic medial maxillectomy is the procedure of choice. Clinic endoscopic follow up is critical to detecting recurrence early. The modified weber ferguson incision used in total maxillectomy has three components.
Endoscopic medial maxillectomy augusta university research. Intraoperatively, the entire medial wall of the maxillary sinus was removed and disease was cleared off the dental implants which were. Others 16 have supported this notion that an endoscopic medial maxillectomy is completed only with resection of the medial wall of the maxilla including the inferior turbinate up to its anterior wall. Teaching and guidance as to the best technique, therefore, is based more on authority than clinical evidence. Jan 26, 2017 an advanced technique used for the management of recalcitrant chronic maxillary sinusitis and certain maxillary sinus tumors e. Lazars attempted the first maxillectomy in 1827, but the procedure was aborted because of excessive blood loss. The maxilla articulates with the bones of the skull base, and therefore maxillary surgery is occasionally performed to provide exposure for treatment of skull base pathology. Combine with the sublabial approach for anterior and inferior and lateral recess and nasolacrimal duct disease combine with open approach for superior lateral orbit disease follow up.
Many adjectives are used to describe maxillectomy procedures, such as radical, total, extended, subtotal, medial, partial, and limited. The catheter will be removed when the patient is up walking around. It extends posteriorly in a medial direction, joining the third cut at its most posterior aspect. A total maxillectomy is the resection of the entire maxilla, whereas a limited maxillectomy is only a partial resection, involving the removal of only the medial wall or the floor of the maxillary sinus. Approach lateral rhinotomy incision or midfacial degloving. Let us use the example of endoscopic transnasal sphenopalatine artery ligation and examine the following options.
Maxillectomy definition of maxillectomy by medical. This may leave the medial buttress piriform aperture strut intact, if not involved or not hindering exposure. Bilateral, total maxillectomy is occasionally required and entails much greater complexity in reconstruction. So that we can all easily share our stories, tips and help each other through having a maxillectomy, i have set up a new group on facebook, join here. With more familiarity and expertise in endoscopic sinus surgery the endonasal approach is feasible.
Endoscopic modified medial maxillectomy for resection of an inverted papilloma originating from the entire circumference of the maxillary sinus. Posterior septectomy, medial maxillectomy, transmaxillary and. Jun 03, 2016 likewise, tumors involving only the medial maxillary wall or lateral nasal wall, such as an inverted papilloma, can be treated with a medial maxillectomy. Jun 14, 2016 partial and total maxillectomy michael j. An algorithm for maxillectomy defect reconstruction.
Functional deglutition and speech problems with a significant soft tissue deficit ensue. Total maxillectomy is sometimes necessary especially for malignant tumors originating from the maxillary sinus. Exposure techniques in endoscopic skull base surgery. It is increasingly being done by transnasal endoscopic technique for suitable cases and when the. Pdf open and endoscopic medial maxillectomy for maxillary.
With the improved visualization of endoscopic techniques and outcomes comparable to those of the external approach, endoscopic transnasal resection of these tumors is quickly becoming the standard of care. The variety of nomenclature in our own service database. Endoscopic medial maxillectomy for infected dental implants decision was made to proceed with a left emm to allow for wide open irrigation and drainage of the left maxillary sinus. This incision is rounded inferiorly along the upper border of upper lip till the center of the lip is reached. Questions you might have maxillectomy will nickson. An endoscopic medial maxillectomy is performed with the.
Endoscopic medial maxillectomy s harvinder, mmed orlhns, s rosalind, mmed orlhns, s mallina, mbbs, s gurdeep, mshnorl department of ent, hospital ipoh, jalan hospital, 30990, ipoh, perak original article this article was accepted. Over the past decade, the role of endoscopic techniques in the excision of sinonasal neoplastic lesions has become widely recognized. The thin bone of the orbital floor, just posterior to the orbital rim, is freed. An advanced technique used for the management of recalcitrant chronic maxillary sinusitis and certain maxillary sinus tumors e. First local infiltration is given at both medial and lateral canthus of eye. After removing the roof of the maxillary antrum, its floor the hard palate and its medial wall, one can look from the mouth and see the floor of the orbit, the ethmoid sinus and the nasopharynx. In this article, the authors describe the endoscopic medial maxillectomy for neoplastic diseases involving the maxillary sinus.
The catheter will be removed when the patient is up. Traditionally the surgery is performed via an open approach. Maxillectomy definition of maxillectomy by medical dictionary. The patient will have a foley catheter to drain your bladder in place after surgery. Transnasal endoscopic medial maxillectomy as the initial. During inferior maxillectomy one can expect to encounter some bleeding. An algorithm for maxillectomy defect reconstruction steven p. The extent of the maxillectomy was dependent on tumor type, location, size, and invasiveness as determined by clinical and radiographic examination and incisional biopsy.
Several minimally invasive modifications of endoscopic medial maxillectomy have been proposed recently, with the least traumatic techniques. The book aims to promote exchanges of ideas between practitioners and institutions in the developing world, to promote appropriate. Endoscopic medial maxillectomy may be used as an alternative to more invasive external approaches while maintaining similar cure rates. Here we describe a combined transoral and endoscopic approach for total maxillectomy for the treatment of malignant maxillary sinus tumors and evaluate its shortterm outcome. It is increasingly being done by transnasal endoscopic technique for suitable cases. Jun 03, 2016 the maxillectomy was designed for the surgical treatment of tumors involving the maxilla, as well as the maxillary sinus. Curving incision from the medial canthus to the ala of the nose at the nasolabial sulcus. In our modification of radical maxillectomy incision we avoid a scar on the midface by performing a midface degloving and combining it with a. Medial maxillectomy is performed for the removal of benign and malignant tumors that involve the lateral nasal wall medial maxilla and to gain access to tumors in the masticator space and infratemporal skull base floor of middle cranial fossa. The amount of lateral exposure is dependent on the extent of the medial maxillectomy. This chapter, however, will focus on surgery for pathology that involves the maxilla primarily.
If there is anything that i am not answering here, then please, contact me and i will answer you directly. Complications related to lacrimal drainage after endoscopic medial maxillectomy have been previously addressed in the literature and a variable rate of obstruction 016% has been reported 15. Partial maxillectomies were performed in 17 dogs and three cats to accomplish wide excision of oral tumors. Partial maxillectomy and premaxillectomy in the treatment of. Pdf on jan 1, 2019, muhammadnuaim ishak and others published open and endoscopic medial maxillectomy for maxillary tumors a. I have tried to answer questions that i thought about before i had the operation and also questions that i still ask myself hopefully some of these may help you. An indication for a maxillectomy would be to remove cancer in the maxillary sinus. In this presentation, a case series of 45 patients who underwent endoscopic medial maxillectomy is presented. We have been billing an endoscopic medial maxillectomy as 31225. One of these techniques that are widely implemented is endoscopic medial maxillectomy. A radical procedure used to excise benign and lowgrade malignancies of the medial aspect of the maxilla, the lateral nasal wall, ethmoid sinuses and lacrimal sac, in which the maxilla is removed with the tumour.502 788 1242 958 474 1420 884 782 314 639 1060 1283 1213 932 119 1145 1210 635 871 436 556 11 826 729 1592 541 773 1220 317 1427 160 1573 743 1463 815 362 216 686 384 539 1402 659 837 1105